Ask the Expert

Personally identifiable information guidelines for U.S. passport numbers

Does the ID number of a U.S. passport count as one of the criteria in the definition of personally identifiable information (PII)? Are there any regulations that address this?

    Requires Free Membership to View

To the best of my knowledge, no current state or federal regulation specifically lists passport numbers as personally identifiable information (PII) for businesses. However, as part of FISMA (the Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002), which affects federal agencies (and, by various state laws, many state agencies as well), NIST has released a draft publication, SP800-122, which is the Guide to Protecting the Confidentiality of Personally Identifiable Information, which does specifically list passport numbers as PII.

Additionally, the Office of Management and Budget recently released the OMB M-07-16, which requires agencies to implement a breach notification process for the loss of personal information. For the purposed of M-07-16, OMB defined PII as such: "The term 'personally identifiable information' refers to information that can be used to distinguish or trace an individual's identity, such as their name, Social Security number, biometric records, etc. alone, or when combined with other personal or identifying information, which is linked or linkable to a specific individual, such as date and place of birth, mother's maiden name, etc."

It seems pretty clear that this would include passport numbers as well. The OMB memorandum also references the Privacy Act of 1974, which itself requires that the government maintain control over assorted PII, which should also include passport numbers.

For more information:

  • Check out these data protection tips for corporate compliance leaders.
  • Also learn about using DLP to prevent identity theft.
  • This was first published in December 2009

    There are Comments. Add yours.

    TIP: Want to include a code block in your comment? Use <pre> or <code> tags around the desired text. Ex: <code>insert code</code>

    REGISTER or login:

    Forgot Password?
    By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy
    Sort by: OldestNewest

    Forgot Password?

    No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

    Your password has been sent to: