Stories of lost or stolen laptops containing sensitive information appear almost weekly in the news, and according...
By submitting your email address, you agree to receive emails regarding relevant topic offers from TechTarget and its partners. You can withdraw your consent at any time. Contact TechTarget at 275 Grove Street, Newton, MA.
to a Ponemon Institute survey done in August 2006, around four out of five organizations have suffered data loss in this fashion. I would consider controlling what data can be downloaded to a company laptop in the first place, but statistics certainly support more widespread use of data or hard drive encryption.
So why don't we encrypt our data as a matter of course? Well it's probably because of the impact on performance, plus the required increase in system administration and user support. Full-disk encryption (FDE) is a process that encrypts everything on a disk without user action. This includes the operating system, swap file and any temporary files. These last two can often leak important confidential data to a hacker. FDE also provides support for pre-boot authentication. It's an effective technique, but encryption can double data access times, particularly when virtual memory is being heavily accessed.
Another, more significant problem, though, is encryption key and password management. Any encryption system is only as safe as the encryption keys. With FDE, only one key is used to encrypt the entire disk. Usually keys are stored on the local system, and their sole protection is typically the user's password or passphrase. And we all know how weak they can be! Disk encryption therefore requires policies that enforce strong passwords and can handle forgotten passwords, encryption key backup processes and employee termination.
Despite these disadvantages, I think FDE is fast becoming an essential security requirement for any organization that holds sensitive data. Data loss can be crippling both financially and legally, and protecting data with a well-implemented FDE policy will prevent many of these problems. File encryption such as Microsoft's Windows EFS (Encrypting File System) is a start, but EFS doesn't encrypt all of the data saved on the hard disk. Also, file encryption is nowhere near as efficient as drive encryption.
There are plenty of new products that will make FDE a more practical solution. Windows Vista Enterprise and Ultimate editions, for example, include BitLocker full volume encryption (FVE). It encrypts the partition on which Vista is installed, and it does so on a sector basis rather than by files. This arrangement protects all data, including that in the paging file, hibernation file and all system files. Other partitions can only be protected using EFS, but at least the EFS encryption keys are located on the OS partition. On the hardware side, Seagate is about to ship a hard drive that includes a special encryption chip that will make its data impossible for anyone to read -- or even boot up its PC -- without some form of authentication. (I'm a fan of using hardware tokens to reduce password management overhead, but it's an additional cost to consider.) Thankfully, Seagate is also working to develop an enterprise password management system that works with the drives.
Dig Deeper on Disk Encryption and File Encryption
Related Q&A from Michael Cobb
MasterCard is testing a new facial recognition authentication system for mobile payments. Expert Michael Cobb explains how it works, and what it ...continue reading
The latest version of Google's mobile operating system addresses some key enterprise security concerns. Expert Michael Cobb explains what's new in ...continue reading
The NIST has changed its recommendations on random number generation for cryptographic keys. Expert Michael Cobb outlines the changes and explains ...continue reading
Have a question for an expert?
Please add a title for your question
Get answers from a TechTarget expert on whatever's puzzling you.