Malware Definitions

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  • A

    advanced persistent threat (APT)

    An advanced persistent threat is a network attack in which an unauthorized person gains access to a network and stays there undetected for a long period of time. The purpose of an APT attack is to steal data rather than to cause damage.

  • adware

    Adware is any software application in which advertising banners are displayed while a program is running.

  • Antigen

    Sybari's Antigen is antivirus software for Lotus Domino and Microsoft Exchange.

  • antimalware (anti-malware)

    Antimalware (anti-malware) is a type of software program designed to prevent, detect and remediate malware infections on individual computing devices and IT systems. The terms antivirus software and antimalware software are often used as synonyms.

  • antivirus software (antivirus program)

    Antivirus software is a class of program designed to prevent, detect and remove malware infections on individual computing devices, networks and IT systems.

  • attack vector

    An attack vector is a path or means by which a hacker (or cracker) can gain access to a computer or network server in order to deliver a payload or malicious outcome.

  • B

    backdoor (computing)

    A backdoor is a means to access a computer system or encrypted data that bypasses the system's customary security mechanisms.

  • barnacle

    In a computer, a barnacle is unwanted programming, such as adware or spyware, that is downloaded and installed along with a user-requested program.

  • blended threat

    A blended threat is an exploit that combines elements of multiple types of malware and perhaps takes multiple attack vectors to increase the severity of damage and the speed of contagion.  

  • bogie (bogey)

    The term bogie, also spelled bogey, refers to a false blip on a radar display.

  • bot worm

    A bot worm is a self-replicating malware program that resides in current memory, turns infected computers into zombies (or bots) and transmits itself to other computers. A bot worm may be created with the ultimate intention of creating a botnet that functions as a vehicle for the spread of viruses, Trojans and spam... (Continued)

  • BotHunter

    BotHunter is a type of bot application that looks for other bots by tracking two-way communication flows between active software inside a private network and external entities... (Continued)

  • botnet

    A botnet is a collection of internet-connected devices, which may include PCs, servers, mobile devices and internet of things devices, that are infected and controlled by a common type of malware, although users are often unaware of it.

  • browser hijacker (browser hijacking)

    A browser hijacker is a malware program that modifies web browser settings without the user's permission and redirects the user to websites the user had not intended to visit.

  • Bugbear

    Bugbear is a computer virus that spread in early October, 2002, infecting thousands of home and business computers. It is similar to an earlier virus, Klez, in terms of its invasion approach and rapid proliferation.

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