Windows security Definitions

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  • A

    address space layout randomization (ASLR)

    Address space layout randomization (ASLR) is a memory-protection process for operating systems (OSes) that guards against buffer-overflow attacks by randomizing the location where system executables are loaded into memory.

  • alternate data stream (ADS)

    An alternate data stream (ADS) is a feature of Windows New Technology File System (NTFS) that contains metadata for locating a specific file by author or title.

  • B

    BotHunter

    BotHunter is a type of bot application that looks for other bots by tracking two-way communication flows between active software inside a private network and external entities... (Continued)

  • D

    DOS (Disk Operating System)

    DOS (Disk Operating System) can refer to a computer operating system that is loaded from a disk drive or to an operating system based on Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-DOS).

  • M

    Microsoft Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET)

    Microsoft's Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET) is a free Windows-based security tool that adds supplemental security defenses to defend potentially vulnerable legacy and third-party applications.

  • Microsoft Security Essentials (MSE)

    Microsoft Security Essentials (MSE) is an antimalware software product made by Microsoft that provides protection for client computers against viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware and other malicious software on Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows 7 systems.

  • P

    principle of least privilege (POLP)

    The principle of least privilege (POLP) is the practice of limiting access to the minimal level that will allow normal functioning. Applied to employees, the principle of least privilege translates to giving people the lowest level of user rights that they can have and still do their jobs.

  • S

    security identifier (SID)

    In Windows NT and 2000 operating systems, the security identifier (SID) is a unique alphanumeric character string that identifies each operating system and each user in a network of NT/2000 systems.

  • T

    trusted computing

    Trusted computing is a broad term that refers to technologies and proposals for resolving computer security problems through hardware enhancements and associated software modifications... (Continued)

  • W

    Wi-Fi Sense

    Windows Wi-Fi Sense allows Windows 10 users to get Internet access from public hotspots and private wireless local area networks (WLANs) that have been shared by friends. Although Wi-Fi Sense is enabled by default in all editions of Windows 10, the feature can be turned off by users and access can be disabled by wireless network administrators.

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