SSO and federated identity Definitions

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  • F

    federated identity management (FIM)

    Federated Identity Management (FIM) is an arrangement that can be made among multiple enterprises that lets subscribers use the same identification data to obtain access to the networks of all enterprises in the group... (Continued)

  • K

    Kerberos

    Kerberos is the authentication protocol used by most operating systems. Each time a Windows client logs into a corporate network, Kerberos is being used to authenticate access.

  • knowledge factor

    The knowledge factor, in a security context, is a category of authentication credentials consisting of information that the user possesses, such as a personal identification number (PIN), a user name, a password or the answer to a secret question.

  • L

    logon (or login)

    In general computer usage, logon is the procedure used to get access to an operating system or application, usually in a remote computer.

  • O

    onboarding and offboarding

    In identity management, onboarding is the addition of a new employee to an organization's identity and access management (IAM) system. The term is also used if an employee changes roles within the organization and is granted new or expanded access privileges. Conversely, offboarding refers to the IAM processes surrounding the removal of an identity for an employee who has changed roles or left the organization.

  • S

    single sign-on (SSO)

    Single sign-on (SSO) is a session and user authentication service that permits a user to use one set of login credentials (e.g., name and password) to access multiple applications.

  • single-factor authentication (SFA)

    Single-factor authentication (SFA) is the traditional security process that requires a user name and password before granting access to the user.

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