Web server attacks Definitions

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  • C

    cache cramming

    Cache cramming is a method of tricking a computer into running Java code it would not ordinarily run.

  • content filtering (information filtering)

    On the Internet, content filtering (also known as information filtering) is the use of a program to screen and exclude from access or availability Web pages or e-mail that is deemed objectionable.

  • D

    DNS attack

    A DNS attack is an exploit in which an attacker takes advantage of vulnerabilities in the domain name system (DNS).

  • M

    metamorphic and polymorphic malware

    Metamorphic and polymorphic malware are two categories of malicious programs that have the ability to change their code as they propagate.

  • N

    NCSA

    NCSA at the University of Illinois in Urbana, Illinois is the home of the first Web browser that had a graphical user interface.

  • P

    parameter tampering

    Parameter tampering is a form of Web-based hacking event (called an attack) in which certain parameters in the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or Web page form field data entered by a user are changed without that user's authorization... (Continued)

  • POODLE (Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption)

    POODLE (Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption) is a security flaw that can be exploited to conduct a man-in-the-middle attack that targets Web browser-based communication between clients and servers using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 3.0.

  • privilege escalation attack

    A privilege escalation attack is a type of network intrusion that takes advantage of programming errors or design flaws to grant the attacker elevated access to the network and its associated data and applications.

  • R

    RSA algorithm (Rivest-Shamir-Adleman)

    RSA is a cryptosystem for public-key encryption, and is widely used for securing sensitive data, particularly when being sent over an insecure network such as the Internet.

  • S

    supercookie

    A supercookie is a type of tracking cookie inserted into an HTTP header by an internet service provider to collect data about a user's internet browsing history and habits.

  • T

    topsite

    A topsite is a stringently protected underground FTP server at the top of the distribution chain for pirated content, such as movies, music, games, and software.

  • W

    Web application firewall (WAF)

    A Web application firewall (WAF) is a firewall that monitors, filters or blocks traffic to and from a Web application. WAFs are especially useful to companies that provide products or services over the Internet.

  • Web filter

    A Web filter is a program that can screen an incoming Web page to determine whether some or all of it should not be displayed to the user.

  • web server security

    Web server security is the protection of information assets that can be accessed from a Web server.

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