As we mentioned, COSO is the de facto internal control framework associated with Sarbanes-Oxley. Therefore, COBIT...
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is a natural choice for the IT Control Framework. The COBIT Framework is a set of 34 high-level control objectives organized into the four areas described in the financial and technical standards section.
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The diagram above shows the 34 high-level control objectives and their relationship to the four areas. While a majority of the controls have elements that are important in SOX compliance, a number of the high-level objectives stand out.
In the area of Planning and Organization:
- Determine the information architecture
- Define the IT organization and relationships
- Ensure compliance with external requirements
- Assess risks
Virtually all of the elements of Acquisition and Implementation:
- Acquire and maintain application software
- Acquire and maintain technology infrastructure
- Develop and maintain procedures
- Install and accredit systems
- Manage changes
Many of the elements of Delivery and Support:
- Ensure systems security
- Educate and train users
- Manage the configuration
- Manage problems and incidents
- Manage data
- Manage facilities
- Manage operations
And all of the elements associated with Monitoring:
- Monitor the processes
- Assess internal control adequacy
- Obtain independent assurance
- Provide for independent audit
Using these objectives, COBIT recommends organizations follow a plan, do, check, correct cycle. This philosophy, if followed, will help to improve the effectiveness of IT operations and, at the same time, help an organization achieve SOX compliance.
- Home: Introduction
- Step 1: Understanding compliance -- Financial and technical standards
- Step 2: Scope of compliance
- Step 3: Establishing an IT Control Framework
- Step 4: Detailed objectives and policies
- Step 5: Measuring compliance
- Step 6: Managing and tracking compliance
- Step 7: The changing nature of compliance