• SYN flood (half open attack)

    SYN flooding is a method that the user of a hostile client program can use to conduct a denial-of-service (DoS) attack on a computer server.

  • digital certificate

    A digital certificate is an electronic "passport" that allows a person, computer or organization to exchange information securely over the Internet using the public key infrastructure (PKI). A digi...

  • COBIT

    COBIT  is a framework for developing, implementing, monitoring and improving information technology (IT) governance and management practices.

  • computer forensics (cyber forensics)

    Computer forensics is the application of investigation and analysis techniques to gather and preserve evidence from a particular computing device in a way that is suitable for presentation in a cou...

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  • passphrase

    A passphrase is a string of characters longer than the usual password (which is typically from four to 16 characters long) that is used in creating a digital signature (an encoded signature that proves to someone that it was really you who sent a mes... 

  • password

    A password is an unspaced sequence of characters used to determine that a computer user requesting access to a computer system is really that particular user. 

  • NCSA

    NCSA at the University of Illinois in Urbana, Illinois is the home of the first Web browser that had a graphical user interface. 

  • munging

    Munging is the deliberate alteration of an e-mail address on a Web page to hide the address from spambot programs that scour the Internet for e-mail addresses. 

  • live capture

    Live capture is the act or method of gathering biometric data from an individual while the individual is physically present. 

  • Joe job

    A Joe job is an e-mail spoofing exploit in which someone sends out huge volumes of spam that appear to be from someone other than the actual source. 

  • Kerberos

    Kerberos is a secure method for authenticating a request for a service in a computer network. 

  • masquerade

    In general, a masquerade is a disguise. 

  • mail bomb

    A mail bomb is the sending of a massive amount of e-mail to a specific person or system. 

  • logon (or login)

    In general computer usage, logon is the procedure used to get access to an operating system or application, usually in a remote computer.