• SYN flood (half open attack)

    SYN flooding is a method that the user of a hostile client program can use to conduct a denial-of-service (DoS) attack on a computer server.

  • digital certificate

    A digital certificate is an electronic "passport" that allows a person, computer or organization to exchange information securely over the Internet using the public key infrastructure (PKI). A digi...

  • COBIT

    COBIT  is a framework for developing, implementing, monitoring and improving information technology (IT) governance and management practices.

  • computer forensics (cyber forensics)

    Computer forensics is the application of investigation and analysis techniques to gather and preserve evidence from a particular computing device in a way that is suitable for presentation in a cou...

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  • certificate authority (CA)

    (CA also stands for conditional access, a term used in DTV.) A certificate authority (CA) is an authority in a network that issues and manages security credentials and public keys for message encryption. 

  • cut-and-paste attack

    A cut-and-paste attack is an assault on the integrity of a security system in which the attacker substitutes a section of ciphertext (encrypted text) with a different section that looks like (but is not the same as) the one removed. 

  • email spoofing

    E-mail spoofing is the forgery of an e-mail header so that the message appears to have originated from someone or somewhere other than the actual source. 

  • Certificate Revocation List (CRL)

    Certificate Revocation List (CRL) is one of two common methods when using a public key infrastructurefor maintaining access to servers in a network. 

  • cracker

    A cracker is someone who breaks into someone else's computer system, often on a network; bypasses passwords or licenses in computer programs; or in other ways intentionally breaches computer security. 

  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)

    The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) exam is designed to ensure that someone handling computer security for a company or client has mastered a standardized body of knowledge. (Continued...) 

  • Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS)

    The Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) is a biometric identification (ID) methodology that uses digital imaging technology to obtain, store, and analyze fingerprint data. 

  • BioAPI Consortium

    The BioAPI Consortium is a group of over 90 organizations whose goal is to encourage and promote the growth of biometric technology by developing an industry-wide application programming interface (API.) The consortium's API defines how a software ap... 

  • bifurcation

    In the biometric process of fingerscanning, a bifurcation is a point in a finger image at which two ridges meet. 

  • AAA server (authentication, authorization, and accounting)

    An AAA server is a server program that handles user requests for access to computer resources and, for an enterprise, provides authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) services.