• SYN flood (half open attack)

    SYN flooding is a method that the user of a hostile client program can use to conduct a denial-of-service (DoS) attack on a computer server.

  • digital certificate

    A digital certificate is an electronic "passport" that allows a person, computer or organization to exchange information securely over the Internet using the public key infrastructure (PKI). A digi...

  • COBIT

    COBIT  is a framework for developing, implementing, monitoring and improving information technology (IT) governance and management practices.

  • computer forensics (cyber forensics)

    Computer forensics is the application of investigation and analysis techniques to gather and preserve evidence from a particular computing device in a way that is suitable for presentation in a cou...

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  • data breach

    A data breach is an incident in which sensitive, protected or confidential data has potentially been viewed, stolen or used by an individual unauthorized to do so. Data breaches may involve personal health information (PHI), personally identifiable ... 

  • I-SPY Act -- Internet Spyware Prevention Act of 2005 (H.R. 744)

    The I-SPY Act, formally known as the Internet Spyware Prevention Act of 2005 (H.R. 744), is a bill in the U.S. Congress that would criminalize the unauthorized use of spyware, phishing, and other methods of using the Internet to obtain sensitive pers... 

  • intelligence community

    The term intelligence community refers to government and other public agencies as well as private agencies that gather, assemble, and report information that pertains to world or national security. 

  • Fortezza

    Fortezza, Italian for "fortress," is a family of security products trademarked by the US government's National Security Agency. 

  • Defense Message System (DMS)

    The Defense Message System (DMS) is a secure X.400-based e-mail system developed by the United States government in conjunction with industry partners to ensure safety for critical operations. 

  • lifestyle polygraph

    A lifestyle polygraph is a lie-detector (polygraph) test that is administered as a requirement for employment in certain fields. 

  • HSPD-7 (Homeland Security Presidential Directive No. 7)

    HSPD-7 (Homeland Security Presidential Directive No. 7) was a directive issued by U.S. President George W. Bush in December, 2003 that updated policies intended to protect the country from terrorist attacks. This directive superseded the earlier PDD-... 

  • CALEA (Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act)

    CALEA (Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act) is a United States federal law that enables the government to intercept wire and electronic communications and call-identifying information under certain circumstances -- in particular, when i... 

  • National Security Agency (NSA)

    The National Security Agency (NSA) is the official U.S. cryptologic (the science of cryptographic design and decryption) organization. 

  • national identity card

    A national identity card is a portable document, typically a plasticized card with digitally-embedded information, that someone is required or encouraged to carry as a means of confirming their identity. Since the World Trade Center tragedy of Septe...