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Categorizing hacker tools

I'm working on a presentation for my company on the variety of hacker tools that are available on the Web and how they're used. What I need is a listing of categories that these tools fall into. I know of Trojan Horses, Denial of Service and Password Crackers, but I'm sure that there are several other categories that help describe these tools. Would you please provide me a list, or direct me to where I could find such a list?

I'm not sure there is a definitive answer to the category question, but here are a few more you should consider:

Footprinting -- These tools are mostly open source, such as domain queries via "whois" or "nslookup" and are primarily used to identify potential targets.

Scanning -- These tools, such as "nmap" and "ncat" are used by an attacker to find open ports which potentially could be attacked.

War Dialers -- These tools simply dial number after number, looking for modems.

Rootkits -- These tools are what the so-called "script-kiddies" use to exploit known vulnerabilities.

For a more complete discussion of this subject, I highly recommend Hacking Exposed, written by Stuart McClure, Joel Scambray and George Kurtz, published by Osborne. In it you will find a discussion of all of these types of tools, how they are used and a list of tools and where to find them. I'm reasonably certain that the second edition of this book was recently published.

This was last published in March 2001

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