What are the differences between front-end/back-end firewalls and chassis-based firewalls?
There are a couple of different technologies referenced in your question. The use of a front-end/back-end topology doesn't prevent you from using a chassis-based device. Let's explore the different characteristics of a firewall.
The front-end/back-end topology is commonly seen in multi-tier applications where the user interacts with a front-end presentation server, and that server interacts with a back-end one. A scenario where this is commonly seen is in the deployment of email systems, such as Microsoft Exchange. Users often interact with a front-end Web server -- running, for example, Outlook Web Access -- to read and send email. That Web server must interact with the back-end mail server, but Internet users do not need to interact directly with the one dedicated to mail. The front-end/back-end topology dictates that a firewall should be placed between the Internet and the Web server, and also between the Web server and the email server, providing maximum security.
A chassis-based firewall is a piece of hardware that runs the firewall software in a dedicated fashion. Often referred to as a firewall appliance, it is sold as a bundle including both hardware and software. The alternative is to purchase firewall software and install it on your own hardware.
From a security perspective, there isn't much of a difference between the two approaches. I generally tend to prefer appliance products from a support perspective because they make a single vendor responsible for any hardware or software issues with a device, preventing multiple vendors from participating in a "blame game" where they try to pass the buck to each other.
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