An incident response team is a group of IT professionals in charge of preparing for and reacting to any type of organizational emergency. Responsibilities of an incident response team include developing an incident response plan, testing for and resolving system vulnerabilities, maintaining strong security best practices and providing support for all incident handling measures. Incident response team members typically cover various technical skills, backgrounds and roles in order to be prepared for a wide range of unforeseen security incidents.
Types of incidents
In incident response, types of emergencies are usually categorized in two ways:
- Public incidents- These incidents affect an entire community. This could include natural disasters, terrorist attacks and widespread epidemics.
- Corporate/organizational incidents- These incidents are typically organization-specific and happen on a smaller scale. This could include data breaches, cybersecurity attacks and physical location threats.
Incident response teams are trained to be prepared for both types.
Examples of incidents response teams
Incident response teams are common in government organizations and businesses with valuable intellectual property. A few examples of the forms an incident response team could take are:
- Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT)- This is a team of professionals responsible for preventing and responding to security incidents. A CSIRT may also handle aspects of incident response in other departments such as dealing with legal issues or communicating with the press.
- Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT)- This is a team of professionals in charge of handling cyber threats and vulnerabilities within an organization. In addition, CERTs tend to release their findings to the public in order to help others strengthen their security infrastructure.
- Security Operations Center (SOC)- This is a type of command center facility that is dedicated to monitoring, analyzing and protecting an organization from cyberattacks. An SOC is typically comprised of threat hunters and analysts that focus only on system security incident response.