Password management Definitions

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  • B

    Bring Your Own Authentication (BYOA)

    Bring Your Own Authentication (BYOA) is a computing concept in which employee-owned devices are used as authentication credentials within the enterprise.

  • BYOI (bring your own identity)

    BYOI (bring your own identity) is an approach to digital authentication in which an end user's username and password is managed by a third party such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+ or Amazon.

  • C

    challenge-response authentication

    In information security, challenge-response authentication is a type of authentication protocol where one entity presents a challenge or question, and another entity provides a valid response to be authenticated.

  • cracker

    A cracker is someone who breaks into someone else's computer system, often on a network; bypasses passwords or licenses in computer programs; or in other ways intentionally breaches computer security.

  • G

    graphical password or graphical user authentication (GUA)

    A graphical password is an authentication system that works by having the user select from images, in a specific order, presented in a graphical user interface (GUI).

  • I

    identity chaos (password chaos)

    Identity chaos (sometimes called password chaos) is a situation in which users have multiple identities and passwords across a variety of networks, applications, computers and/or computing devices.

  • K

    knowledge-based authentication (KBA)

    In a KBA scheme, the user is asked to answer at least one "secret" question before being allowed to change account settings or reset a password.

  • L

    logon (or login)

    In general computer usage, logon is the procedure used to get access to an operating system or application, usually in a remote computer.

  • M

    masquerade

    In general, a masquerade is a disguise.

  • O

    one-time pad

    In cryptography, a one-time pad is a system in which a private key generated randomly is used only once to encrypt a message that is then decrypted by the receiver using a matching one-time pad and key.

  • one-time password (OTP)

    A one-time password (OTP) is an automatically generated numeric or alphanumeric string of characters that authenticates the user for a single transaction or login session.

  • P

    passphrase

    A passphrase is a string of characters longer than the usual password (which is typically from four to 16 characters long) that is used in creating a digital signature (an encoded signature that proves to someone that it was really you who sent a message) or in an encryption or a decryption of a message.

  • password

    A password is an unspaced sequence of characters used to determine that a computer user requesting access to a computer system is really that particular user.

  • password hardening

    Password hardening is any one of a variety of measures taken to make it more difficult for an intruder to circumvent the authentication process.

  • password synchronization

    Password synchronization is an authentication process that coordinates user passwords across various computers and computing devices so a user only has to remember a single password instead of multiple passwords for different machines or devices.

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