SSO and federated identity Definitions

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  • F

    federated identity management

    Federated identity management (FIM) is an arrangement that can be made between multiple enterprises to let subscribers use the same identification data to obtain access to the networks of all the enterprises in the group.

  • K

    Kerberos

    Kerberos is the authentication protocol used by most operating systems. Each time a Windows client logs into a corporate network, Kerberos is being used to authenticate access.

  • knowledge factor

    The knowledge factor, in a security context, is a category of authentication credentials consisting of information that the user possesses, such as a personal identification number (PIN), a user name, a password or the answer to a secret question.

  • L

    logon (or login)

    In general computer usage, logon is the procedure used to get access to an operating system or application, usually in a remote computer.

  • P

    passwordless authentication

    Passwordless authentication is a verification process that determines whether someone is, in fact, who they say they are without requiring the person to manually enter a string of characters.

  • S

    SAML (Security Assertion Markup Language)

    The Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) is an open standard for sharing security information about identity, authentication and authorization across different systems.

  • Single Sign-On (SSO)

    Single sign-on (SSO) is a session and user authentication service that permits a user to use one set of login credentials (e.g., name and password) to access multiple applications.

  • single-factor authentication (SFA)

    Single-factor authentication (SFA) is the traditional security process that requires a user name and password before granting access to the user.

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