Information Security Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing IT security and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

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  • E

    email spoofing

    Email spoofing is the forgery of an email header so that the message appears to have originated from someone or somewhere other than the actual source.

  • email virus

    An email virus consists of malicious code that is distributed in email messages, and it can be activated when a user clicks on a link in an email message, opens an email attachment or interacts in some other way with the infected email message.

  • Encrypting File System (EFS)

    The Encrypting File System (EFS) is a feature of the Windows 2000 operating system that lets any file or folder be stored in encrypted form and decrypted only by an individual user and an authorized recovery agent.

  • encryption

    Encryption is the method by which information is converted into secret code that hides the information's true meaning. The science of encrypting and decrypting information is called cryptography.

  • end-to-end encryption (E2EE)

    End-to-end encryption is a secure method of transferring data from one end device to another without allowing third-party interference.

  • endpoint detection and response (EDR)

    Endpoint detection and response (EDR) is a category of tools and technology used for protecting computer hardware devices–called endpoints—from potential threats.

  • endpoint fingerprinting

    Endpoint fingerprinting is a feature of enterprise network access control (NAC) products that enables discovery, classification and monitoring of connected devices, including non-traditional network endpoints such as smartcard readers, HVAC systems, medical equipment and IP-enabled door locks. Such endpoints are sometimes referred to as "dumb devices."

  • endpoint security management

    Endpoint security management is a policy-based approach to network security that requires endpoint devices to comply with specific criteria before they are granted access to network resources.

  • Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES)

    The Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES) is a standard for encrypted communications that was approved by the U.S. Department of Commerce in 1994 and is better known by the name of an implementation called the Clipper chip.

  • ethical hacker

    An ethical hacker, also referred to as a white hat hacker, is an information security expert who systematically attempts to penetrate a computer system, network, application or other computing resource on behalf of its owners -- and with their permission -- to find security vulnerabilities that a malicious hacker could potentially exploit.

  • ethical worm

    An ethical worm is a program that automates network-based distribution of security patches for known vulnerabilities.

  • evil maid attack

    An evil maid attack is a security exploit that targets a computing device that has been shut down and left unattended.  An evil maid attack is characterized by the attacker's ability to physically access the target multiple times without the owner's knowledge. 

  • evil twin

    An evil twin, in security, is a rogue wireless access point that masquerades as a legitimate hot spot.

  • executable

    In computers, to execute a program is to run the program in the computer, and, by implication, to start it to run.

  • Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)

    The Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) is a protocol for wireless networks that expands on authentication methods used by the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP), a protocol often used when connecting a computer to the Internet.

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