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The Russian government has long been suspected of various cyberattacks targeting political organizations. And, now, U.S. intelligence agencies officially blamed Russian hackers for potential election-tampering activity.
In a joint statement, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence on Election Security attributed government-led Russian hackers with stealing and publishing emails from political organizations, such as the Democratic National Committee, and said "only Russia's senior-most officials could have authorized these activities."
"The U.S. Intelligence Community (USIC) is confident that the Russian government directed the recent compromises of emails from U.S. persons and institutions, including from U.S. political organizations," the statement read. "The recent disclosures of alleged hacked emails on sites like DCLeaks.com and WikiLeaks and by the Guccifer 2.0 online persona are consistent with the methods and motivations of Russian-directed efforts. These thefts and disclosures are intended to interfere with the U.S. election process. Such activity is not new to Moscow -- the Russians have used similar tactics and techniques across Europe and Eurasia, for example, to influence public opinion there."
DHS refused to comment on whether this last sentence indicated international cooperation in the attribution investigation.
While the statement officially blamed government-led Russian hackers for these email hacks, the USIC would not officially attribute recent attacks on voter-database systems to the Russian government, but said the attacks "originated from servers operated by a Russian company." Despite these attacks, USIC and DHS again asserted that election systems are secure.
"The USIC and the Department of Homeland Security assess that it would be extremely difficult for someone, including a nation-state actor, to alter actual ballot counts or election results by cyberattack or intrusion," the statement read. "States ensure that voting machines are not connected to the internet, and there are numerous checks and balances, as well as extensive oversight at multiple levels, built into our election process."
John Bambenek, threat systems manager at Fidelis Cybersecurity, based in Bethesda, Md., was skeptical of the impact to expect on an election.
"The emails -- and other information gleaned from the breach -- will continue to be used to drive the media cycle and create controversy. The scanning and probing likely would have nominal impact. Voting records, while useful, probably cannot be effectively used this close to an election," Bambenek said. "My examination of the data indicated that activity is commodity scanning used against every site on the internet. Most election jurisdictions have little public internet exposure of their voting technology as well."
In response to the USIC statement, Sen. Cory Gardner (R-Colo.) said he would push legislation to impose cybersanctions on Russia.
"I plan to introduce legislation that builds upon my North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act by mandating the Administration sanction Russia's bad actors who are responsible for malicious cyber activities," Gardner wrote. "Russia's interference with American democracy is a direct threat to our political process, and it may only be the tip of the iceberg. It is imperative that Russia’s behavior is met with strength in the form of aggressive sanctions to show the world that its cybercrimes will not be tolerated."
President Barack Obama also made it clear that cyberattacks by Russian hackers would not be tolerated, as White House spokesman Josh Earnest told reporters on Air Force One: "There are a range of responses that are available to the president, and he will consider a response that is proportional. It is certainly possible that the president can choose response options that we never announce."
Bambenek said he would expect Obama to back sanctions against Russian hackers.
"What we can expect is that the response will intend to inflict a similar, if not greater, level of pain on Russia as has been inflicted on us both as a response to the threats of electoral manipulation and as a deterrent to other nation states who may wish to plan such operations in the future," Bambenek told SearchSecurity. "This is a line in the sand and a harbinger to cyberwarfare."
Learn more about fears of voting machine hacks during the general election.
Find out how voter database hacks trigger election concerns.